Aggression: Definition, Types, Factors, Impact & How to Control It

Aggression: Definition, Types, Factors, Impact & How to Control It


Aggression is an individual behavior that often occurs when he is dealing with an interest. This is because aggression can be one of the tools to achieve desires in these interests. However, aggression is a behavior that will have a negative social influence. In fact, according to Tremblay & Archer (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 23) in general any behavior that harms or causes victims on the part of others can be referred to as aggressive behavior.

Of course, if the loss or victim occurs due to something unintentional, this does not include aggressive behavior. Aggressive behavior is intentional physical or verbal behavior with the intent to hurt or harm another person. Aggression is something that is actually clearly detrimental to all parties but is still a social reality that will occur. Therefore, it is important for individuals to understand aggressive behavior in order to be able to avoid and control their aggressiveness.

Definition of Aggression
Aggression is behavior that is intended to injure other people, either physically or psychologically (Rahman, 2018, p. 197). This means that aggression is not always physical, even in social reality it occurs more often than verbally. Aggressive behavior is influenced by affection or feelings that cover or block one’s cognitive abilities.

Thus, apart from being ridden by interests, aggression can also be carried out without any purpose as a result of cognitive abilities that are hampered by feelings that are too overwhelming. As stated by Aronson et al (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 21) that aggressive behavior is behavior carried out by individuals with the intention of injuring or harming other individuals with or without a specific purpose.

Meanwhile, according to Bandura (in the FP UI Writing Team, 2018, p. 146) what is aggression is behavior intending to injure or harm others resulting from a social learning process through observing the social world. That is, aggressive behavior does not automatically appear in a person, a person will commit aggression because he imitates a model in his own environment. For example, children who were exposed to aggressive adult models were consistently more aggressive than children who were exposed to non-aggressive adult models.

Berkowitz further (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 21) aggressive behavior is a form of effort or behavior that is intentionally carried out to injure or destroy physically or psychologically other people in the form of coercion or an effort to maintain power, dominance, or social status somebody. Several attempts to maintain power, domination, and social status are some clear examples of interests that drive aggressive behavior.

It can be concluded that aggression is a form of effort or behavior that is intentionally carried out to injure other people both physically and psychologically, both based on goals such as protecting an interest, or without a goal.

Factors Causing Aggression
According to Sears et al; Aronson et al (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, pp. 24-26) there are several factors that can cause aggressive behavior which include the following.

Learning Process Factors
That is, the main mechanism that determines human aggressive behavior is the past learning process. Newborns exhibit aggressive behavior that is very impulsive, but in adulthood humans will control their aggressive impulses strongly and only act aggressively in certain circumstances.
Reinforcement Factor
When forming a behavior, reinforcement plays an important role. When a certain behavior is rewarded, the individual is more likely to repeat that behavior in the future, and when the behavior is punished, it is less likely that he will repeat it.
Social Norms Factor
When cues that give rise to aggression are present, anger tends to turn into aggression. But when cues that suppress aggression are present, anger will not lead to aggressive behavior. Cues associated with expressing aggression and cues associated with suppressing aggression are well regulated by learned social norms for particular situations. In other words, social norms are important in determining what aggressive habits will be learned.
Biological Factors
There are several biological factors that influence aggressive behavior, namely genetic factors, brain system factors and bleeding chemical factors. These biological factors include: a) Genes, influence the formation of the brain’s neural system that regulates research conducted on animals, ranging from the most difficult to the most irritable, heredity factors seem to make male animals irritable compared to females; b) It turns out that the brain systems involved in aggression can strengthen or control aggression; c) Blood chemistry, especially sex hormones which are partly determined by hereditary factors influence aggressive behavior.
Social Learning Factors
By witnessing fights and killings, even a little bit, it will certainly cause stimulation and make it possible to imitate this model of violence.
Environmental factor
Aggressive behavior is caused by several factors that surround a person’s environment which include: a) Poverty, if a child is raised in a poverty environment, then their aggressive behavior naturally increases; b) Anonymity, if a person is anonymous or whose identity is not known, he tends to behave as he pleases, because he feels that he is no longer bound by societal norms and is less sympathetic to other people as is the case in cyberspace and social media; c) Hot temperatures and stuffiness have an impact on social behavior in the form of increased aggressiveness.
Anger Factor
Anger is an emotion characterized by high activity of the parasympathetic nervous system and a very strong feeling of dislike which is usually the result of an error, which may or may not be real or wrong.
Type/Type of Aggression
Berkowitz (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 27) distinguishes aggression into two main types, namely:

Instrumental Aggression, namely aggression carried out by organisms or individuals as a tool or way to achieve certain goals;
Hate Aggression, namely aggression that is carried out solely as an outlet for the desire to injure or hurt, or aggression without a purpose other than to cause damage, pain or death to the target or victim.
Meanwhile according to Moyer (1976) the types of aggression are as follows.

Predatory Aggression
Aggression aroused by the presence of a natural object (prey). Usually found in organisms or animal species that make animals from other species as prey.
Male aggression
Namely aggression that is typically aroused by the presence of fellow males of a species. In relation to humans, this aggression often occurs in masculinity conflicts.
Fear aggression
Aggression that is aroused by the closing of opportunities to avoid threats.
Offended aggression
Namely aggression that is aroused by feelings of offense or anger, an attack response appears against a broad stimulus (without choosing a target), both in the form of living objects and inanimate objects.
Defense Aggression
Aggression carried out by organisms in order to defend their territory from threats or disturbances of their own species. This defensive aggression is also called territorial aggression.
Maternal Aggression
Namely aggression that is specific to the species or female organism (parent) carried out in an effort to protect their children from various threats.
Instrumental Aggression
Aggression is learned, reinforced (reinforced) and carried out to achieve certain goals.
Impact of Aggression
It has been discussed previously that aggression will result in harm to both the perpetrator and the victim who becomes the aggressive behavior. In addition, aggression that is carried out successively in the long term, especially if it occurs in children or since childhood, or during adulthood can have an impact on personality development.

Successive aggression will lead to a tendency to repress (store in the subconscious) these traumatic experiences. Aggression that can continue from generation to generation. Aggressive parents tend to have children who are aggressive towards other people and their children too (Cappell & Heiner, 1990 in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 31).

Controlling Aggression
How to control aggressive behavior? According to Aronson & Akert (in Mulyadi et al, 2016, p. 41) ways, techniques, and concrete steps that can be taken to prevent the emergence or development of aggressive behavior are investment, development of non-aggressive behavior, and development of the ability to provide Empathy, which can be done in the following ways.

Moral Cultivation
Investment is the most appropriate step to prevent the emergence of aggressive behavior. This moral cultivation will be successful if carried out continuously and consistently from an early age in various environments by involving all parties who bear responsibility in the socialization process.
Development of Non Aggressive Behavior
To prevent the development of aggressive behavior, what needs to be done is to develop values ​​that support the development of non-aggressive behavior, and remove or at least reduce the values ​​that encourage the development of aggressive behavior.
Development of Empathy Ability
Prevention of aggressive behavior can and should include developing the capacity to love in individuals. As for the ability to love itself, it can develop properly if individuals are trained and train themselves to be able to place themselves in the inner world of others and be able to understand what is felt or experienced and what others want or don’t want. Developing the ability to give empathy is a step that needs to be taken in order to prevent the development of aggressive behavior.

80 pemikiran pada “Aggression: Definition, Types, Factors, Impact & How to Control It”

  1. Greetings from Colorado! I’m bored to tears at work
    so I decided to check out your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the knowledge you present here and can’t
    wait to take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone ..

    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways,
    good blog!

  2. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Very helpful info particularly the ultimate part
    🙂 I maintain such info a lot. I was seeking this particular information for a long time.
    Thank you and good luck.

  3. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who has been conducting a
    little homework on this. And he actually ordered me dinner due
    to the fact that I discovered it for him… lol.
    So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this topic here
    on your web site.

  4. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I wish
    to suggest you some interesting things or
    advice. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  5. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital
    to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog
    posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  6. Great weblog right here! Also your website loads up fast!
    What web host are you the usage of? Can I get your affiliate link in your host?
    I want my web site loaded up as quickly as yours

  7. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog
    to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing
    very good results. If you know of any please share.
    Many thanks!

  8. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post.

    Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  9. Admiring the dedication you put into your site and in depth information you offer.

    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same
    unwanted rehashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m
    including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  10. I think everything posted made a bunch of sense. But, what about this?

    what if you were to create a killer post title? I ain’t suggesting your information is not solid., however what if you added a post title that
    grabbed a person’s attention? I mean Aggression: Definition, Types, Factors,
    Impact & How to Control It | OnlineDiscrete is kinda boring.
    You might look at Yahoo’s front page and note how they create news titles to grab viewers
    to open the links. You might add a related video or
    a related pic or two to get people excited about what you’ve
    got to say. In my opinion, it could bring your posts a little livelier.

  11. Have you ever thought about writing an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog centered on the same ideas you
    discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my visitors would enjoy your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  12. I’ve been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet
    I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the
    net will be much more useful than ever before.

  13. I’ve been surfing on-line more than three hours nowadays, but I
    never found any interesting article like yours. It’s beautiful worth enough for
    me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers
    made just right content material as you probably did, the web
    can be a lot more useful than ever before.

  14. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just too fantastic.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart.

    I can not wait to read much more from you.
    This is really a wonderful site.

  15. It helps to provide the smooth and wholesome hair. Furthermore it additionally helps to keep pores and skin free from blemishes.

    Some of these upgrades are free & some need
    to be purchased! Buildings normally must be between 1,200 and 2,000 square toes.
    As this therapeutic massage moves the waste fluids inside your body; you will feel the need
    to urinate lots. “This massage therapy stands as one in every of the simplest and broadly favoured methods for maintaining the body’s lymphatic system- which can also be referred to in layman’s language as your body’s sewage system. It is also performed in 5 other ways: palms of 1 hand; palms of two palms; the knuckles; the ball of the thumb; the finger suggestions. Here are a couple of recommendations on pure ethnic skin care those it is best to know. Follow the following pointers and step up your skincare routine! This miraculous body massage oil relaxes the muscles and joints to scale back the stiffness and any inflammation. Simple strategies can effectively launch tension within the muscles and loosen up the body. In case you are figuring out and you’re feeling a little something and you’re not quite sure what it’s, rest assured it’s your physique telling you it doesn’t like what you’re doing to it.

    Also visit my blog post … נערות ליווי תל אביב

  16. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be
    on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to
    you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that
    they just do not know about. You managed to hit the
    nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing
    without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will likely be
    back to get more. Thanks

  17. I blog frequently and I truly appreciate your content.

    Your article has truly peaked my interest. I will bookmark
    your website and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I opted in for your RSS feed as well.

  18. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied
    on the video to make your point. You obviously know what youre
    talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  19. I simply could not leave your site before suggesting that
    I extremely loved the standard information an individual provide to your visitors?

    Is going to be back regularly to cheeck up on new posts

  20. Fantastic blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any
    community forums that cover the same topics talked about in this article?
    I’d really like to be a part of community where I can get opinions from other experienced individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

  21. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year
    old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the
    shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had
    to tell someone!

  22. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have performed an impressive task and our entire group will likely be thankful to you.

  23. This design is wicked! You most certainly know how to keep a
    reader entertained. Between your wit and your
    videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well,
    almost…HaHa!) Excellent job. I really enjoyed what you had to say,
    and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  24. Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your feed and I’m hoping you write again soon!

  25. Simply want to say your article is as astounding.
    The clearness to your submit is simply nice and i could suppose you
    are knowledgeable on this subject. Fine together with your permission let me
    to take hold of your RSS feed to keep up to date with impending post.
    Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  26. Whats up very nice site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful ..

    I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also?
    I’m satisfied to find a lot of useful info right here within the publish, we need develop extra
    strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

  27. I think this is among the most significant information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things, The site style is great, the articles is really great :
    D. Good job, cheers

  28. I am an investor of gate io, I have consulted a lot of information, I hope to upgrade my investment strategy with a new model. Your article creation ideas have given me a lot of inspiration, but I still have some doubts. I wonder if you can help me? Thanks.

  29. Prety nice post. I juzt stumbled upon youhr weblog and
    wished to saay that I’ve really enjoyd browsing your blog posts.

    In any case I’ll bbe subscribing tto yur feed
    aand I hope yoou write again very soon!

  30. I am extremely impressed wih your witing skills ass wrll
    as with the layout onn your blog. Is this a paid thee orr did yyou customie itt yourself?
    Either wway keep up thhe excellent quality writing, it’s rarre too see a great blog like this one nowadays.

  31. I lik thhe valable informatipn youu provide iin your articles.
    I will bookmaark your weblog aand check again here regularly.
    I am quite sure I’ll lern a lot of neew stuff rght here! Best of luck for the next!

  32. It iss perfect time to make some plans for the futuure and it’s tume
    tto bee happy. I have read this put uup and if I may I wish
    too recommend yoou some fascinating things orr suggestions.
    Perhaps you could write next aticles relating tto this article.
    I desiee tto read more things aboutt it!

  33. I think this is among the most important information for me.
    And i am glad readding ylur article. However shoud commentaryy on some cimmon issues, Thee website taste iis ideal, the articles iis actuwlly nice :
    D. Just right activity, cheers

  34. Goodd day! Do yyou know iff they make any plugins too proteect
    against hackers? I’m kinda paranokd about losing everythin I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

  35. Hi! I could have sworn I’ve visited this blog before but after
    browsing through many of the articles I realized it’s
    new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely pleased I found it and I’ll
    be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  36. Goodd day! I could havfe sworn I’ve bren tto tgis site before but after browsing thtough some of the post I realized it’s neew
    too me. Anyways, I’m definitely hapopy I found it and I’ll be booomarking aand checking ack frequently!

  37. Excellent pieces. Keep postijg suchh ind of info onn your site.
    Im really impressed bby it.
    Hi there, Youu havge performed ann excellent job. I’ll definitely ddigg it
    aand in mmy opinion reecommend to my friends.

    I’m sufe thjey wiull be benefiterd from tis site.

  38. Greetings from Idaho! I’m borred to teaars at work so I decided too
    browse your website on mmy ipjone durring luncch break.

    I love tthe information you present here and can’t wait to take a loo whesn I get home.
    I’m surprised at howw quick yourr blog loaded onn myy mobile ..
    I’m noot even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, vesry good site!

  39. constantly i used to read smaller articles that also clwar theirr motive, and thst is also happedning with this parsgraph whch I
    aam readig here.

  40. I aam rrally loving tthe theme/design oof your weblog.
    Do you efer rrun into any intgernet browser compattibility problems?
    A number of my bog audience have complained aboujt mmy blogg nnot operating correctly in Explorer
    buut looks great in Safari. Do yoou have anny ideas to help fiix thgis issue?


Tinggalkan komentar